Timeline 1900 – 1914

Timeline index

Marquess of Queensbury (boxing rules) dies

Creation of the Labour Party

Relief of Mafeking

Paris International Exhibition – Metro system opens

Campaign for pure beer

Coca-Cola arrives in the UK

Oscar Wilde dies

1900
Planck proposes quantum theory

Arthur Evans starts work at
Knossos

Blood types A, B & C discovered

Sigmund Freud publishes “The Interpretation of Dreams”

Queen Victoria dies

 

Toulouse-Lautrec dies

Boxing legalised

Walt Disney born (d.1966)

 

1901
Nobel Prizes first awarded

Willhelm Roentgen wins Nobel Physics prize for discovery of X-rays

Gillette launches first disposable razor

1st diesel motor car goes on show in UK

1st Transatlantic wireless message sent by Guglielmo Marconi

Masefield’s “Salt-Water Ballads

End of Boer War

Ban on women bar staff in Glasgow overturned by appeal court

New York State bans flirting in public

Beatrix Potter’s “The Tale of Peter Rabbit”

HG Wells’s “The First Men on the Moon”

Conan-Doyle revives Sherlock Holmes in “The Hound of the Baskervilles”

Emile Zola dies

1902
London smallpox outbreak brings calls for national vaccination programme

1st special effects movie “A Trip to the Moon” produced by George Melies

Barbituric acid (sleeping pills) patented

Tour de France cycle race launched

Paul Gaugin dies

James McNeill Whistler dies

Barbara Hepworth (sculptor) born (d.1975)

George Orwell born (d. 1950)

1903
Wilber and Orville Wright make first powered flight

Richard Gatling dies

Kew Bridge opens over River Thames

London’s first electric trams

Marie Curie wins Nobel Prize

Henry Morton Stanley dies

Salvador Dali born (d.1989)

1904
1st attempt at talking pictures

Metropolitan Underground line electrified in London

Automobile Association founded

Dr Thomas John Barnardo dies

Jules Verne dies

1905
Einstein’s Miracle year including Special Theory of Relativity

First successful cornea transplant takes place in Olomouc (Czech
Republic)

Mt Vesuvius erupts

San Francisco earthquake

Paul Cezanne dies

Henrik Ibsen dies

1906
Position of magnetic north established

Pierre Curie dies in road accident

Sonar invented

1st picture transmitted by telegraph

Finland elects worlds first women MPs

Rudyard Kipling gets Nobel Prize for literature

Herge born (Creator of Tintin. d.1983)

Baden-Powell forms the Boy Scout movement

Edvard Grieg (Norwegian composer) dies

1907
Pavlov’s dogs experiment
Gustav Klimt’s “The Kiss”

Kenneth Grahame’s “The Wind in the Willows”

W G Grace plays his last season

NSPCC founder Rev Benjamin Waugh dies

Jack Johnson becomes the first black world heavyweight boxer

1908
First Model T Ford

1st person to die in a plane crash is Lt Thomas Selfridge (26)

Ernest Rutherford wins Nobel chemistry prize

Physicist Henri Becquerel dies

1st closed top double decker buses arrive in Widnes

1st old age pension paid in the UK  – 5/- a week

1909
Bakelite first manufactured commercially

Louis Bleriot is first man to fly across the Channel

Crippen hanged

Girl Guides formed

Mount Etna erupts

Edward VII dies

Florence Nightingale dies

Mark Twain dies (Samuel Langhorne Clemens)

Holman Hunt dies

Leo Tolstoy dies

1910
Wicken Fen drainage engine built

Marie Curie isolates pure radium

The Daylight Comet
Return of Halley’s Comet

Royal Liver Building, Liverpool built

“Spirit of Ecstasy” figurine commissioned for Rolls-Royce

Work completed on saving Winchester Cathedral from the “flood”

Joseph Pulitzer (journalist and publisher) dies

1911
Middlesborough Transporter
Bridge opens
 

Marie Curie receives (her second) Nobel Prize for Chemistry

Both boats sink in University Boat Race

First aeroplane parachute jump made

Royal Flying Corps (later RAF) founded

1st Keystone Cops film

Samuel Taylor Coleridge dies

1912
Titanic sinks

Marconi invents wireless compass

Continental drift theory proposed by Alfred Wegener

Joseph Lister (antiseptic pioneer) dies

Suffragette Emily Davison dies

Robert Falcon Scott and team found dead in Antarctica

1913
Panama Canal opens

Edison invents telephone recorder

First World War starts

Sir John Tenniel (Alice illustrator) dies

1914
Edison patents electric miners’ safety lamp

Timeline 1850-1899

Timeline index

architectual drawing
Salt’s Mill elevation
Wm Wordsworth dies

Tennyson becomes Poet Laureate

1850
Peterborough Railway Bridge opens

Cast iron railway bridge opened in Newcastle

Britannia Bridge opens across Menai Straits

JMW Turner dies

John James Audubon dies

Saltaire construction begun

1851
Great Exhibition

Isaac Singer produces the first sewing machine

Harriet Beecher Stowe’s “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”

Great Western Royal Hotel opens in Paddington

Kew Waterlily House built

Augustus Pugin dies

1852
Physicist Henri Becquerel born
Vincent Van Gogh born

Levi Strauss sells jeans to US miners

Scarborough market hall
opens

Salt’s Mill opens at Saltaire

1853
Smallpox vaccination made compulsory
Crimean War » 1856

Battles of Alma, Balaclava and Inkerman


Charge of the Light Brigade

Florence Nightingale arrives at Scutari

William West dies

1854
British Medical Association founded
Daily Telegraph founded 1855

Ellen Terry appears on stage for the 1st time

End of Crimean War

Oscar Wilde born


George Bernard Shaw born

Sigmund Freud born

1856

2nd Opium War

Indian Mutiny

Victoria and Albert Museum opens

“The Wonderful Adventures of Mrs Seacole in Many Lands” published

1857
Great Western dismantled

Brunel’s Tamar Bridge Opened

The Great Stink – London
1858
Netherton Tunnel opens

Delph “Nine” Locks reconstructed

Donati’s Comet

John Stuart Mill’s “On Liberty”

George Eliot’s “Adam Bede”

Jerome K Jerome born

Arthur Conan Doyle born

 

1859
Darwin‘s “Origin of Species”

Brunel’s Royal Albert Bridge opens at Saltash

I K Brunel dies

Abraham Lincoln made US president
1860
British Association for the
Advancement of Science meets at Oxford
Henry Bessemer patents the converter to make steel from iron
Prince Albert dies

Hawley Harvey Crippen born

1861
First horse-drawn trams in London

Daily weather forecasts
begin

Henry David Thoreau dies

George Borrow’s “Wild Wales”

John Merrick born

1862

Edvard Munch born » 1944

Henri Toulouse-Lautrec born

Tom King becomes the first world heavyweight boxing champion

1863
Runcorn Railway Bridge opens

Blackpool North Pier opens

Work starts on London
Underground

Albert Memorial built

Leo Tolstoy’s “War and Peace”

Eugene Delacroix (artist) dies

Poet John Clare dies in Northampton Asylum

1864

Diamonds discovered in South Africa

Ford Madox Brown’s Work exhibited for the first time

Abraham Lincoln  assassinated

Isabella Beeton dies

Joseph Paxton dies

1865
Scarborough Valley Bridge opens

Aberystwyth Pier opens

Beatrix Potter born

J W Penfold designs the red pillarbox

1866
Great Eastern lays the first
transatlantic cable
Brighton West Pier built
Lime juice ration becomes a legal requirement in the merchant navy to fight scurvy

Rose’s Lime Juice Cordial first produced by Lauchlan Rose

1867
First bicycle built

Nobel produces dynamite

Michael Faraday dies

Flogging in peacetime and transporation abolished

Last public execution outside Newgate Prison, London

Charles Rennie Mackintosh born (d.1928)

1868

Imprisonment for debt abolished
1869
Suez Canal opens

Cutty Sark launched

 

Periodic Table of the
Elements devised

Charles Dickens dies

1st Dr Barnado’s Home opens

1870
Loughborough gets its first public water supply
Stanley finds Livingstone

Bank Holidays introduced

Royal Albert Hall opens

1871
Souter Lighthouse built

Ernest Rutherford born
(d.1937)

Charles Babbage dies

Aubrey Beardsley born

Piet Mondrian born (d. 1944)

Wm Heath Robinson born
(d.1944)

1872

Sir Edwin Landseer dies

Derby’s first public swimming pool

Jules Verne’s “Around the World in 80 Days”

1873
Colour photographs first developed

Horse-drawn tram system opens in Sheffield

Levi Strauss patents blue jeans
1874
Barbed wire invented by Joseph Glidden

Caudwell’s Mill built

Hans Christian Andersen dies

Samuel Taylor Coleridge born

John Buchan born (d.1940  “39 Steps” “Prester John”)

Capt Matthew Webb swins the English Channel

Bizet’s “Carmen” first performed

1875
Anderton Boat Lift opens

London’s sewer system
completed

Excavation begins at
Creswell Crags

Victoria proclaimed
Empress of India
Mark Twain’s “Adventures of Tom Sawyer”Compulsory school  attendance in the UKTitus Salt dies

Custer’s Last Stand

1876
Plimsoll Line introduced

Death of Samuel Plimsoll

Bell patents the telephone

Bissell patents the carpet sweeper

Queen Victoria becomes Empress of India
1877
Edison invents the phonograph

Fox Talbot dies

John Masefield born

Tchaikovsky’s “Swan Lake”

Salvation Army named

Gilbert & Sullivan’s “HMS Pinafore”

George Gilbert Scott dies

1878
Swan demonstrates the electric lightbulb

Downham Market clock erected

Invention of the microphone

Bournville construction begun
1879
Albert Einstein born
(d.1955)
Forth Bridge (railway bridge) construction beginsBlackpool installs the world’s first electric arc street lighting
» 1897
George Eliot dies

1st Boer War

First cricket Test Match between England and Australia

Giles Gilbert Scott born
(d.1960)

Jacob Epstein (sculptor) born (d.1959)

Start of Arts and Crafts
Movement

 

1880
First street lighting in New York
Thomas Carlyle dies (Scottish essayist and historian)

Pablo Picasso born. (d.1973)

Mary Seacole dies

Ernest Bevin born (d. 1951 WWII politician introduced “Bevin Boys” miners)

1881
Natural History Museum opens in South Kensington, London
Eric Gill (sculptor) born
(d.1942)
1882
Charles Darwin dies
Fitzgerald dies

Edouard Manet (painter) dies

Stevenson’s “Treasure Island”

Matthew Webb dies

1883
Brighton West Pier extended

First skyscraper built (10 storeys) in Chicago

The Great English Earthquake
1884
Gregor Mendel dies

Edwin A Abbott’s “Flatland”

Papplewick Pumping Station opens

Eugenius Birch dies

General Gordon dies at
Khartoum
Gilbert and Sullivan’s “The Mikado”
1885
Louis Pasteur dies
Thomas Hardy’s “Mayor of
Casterbridge”
Statue of Liberty dedicated
1886
Thomas Burrow’s apology

Clarence Birdseye, inventor of the deep-freeze process, born

Victoria’s Golden
Jubilee

LS Lowry born » 1976Wightwick Manor, Wolverhampton builtRupert Brooke born in Rugby, Warwickshire.(d.1915)Sherlock Homes first appears in “A Study in Scarlet” by Arthur Conan Doyle

Bloody Sunday  (Demonstration in Trafalgar Sq for the release of Irish Nationalist William O’Brien. Dispersed by police)

1887
Esperanto international language invented

Barnes Wallis born in Ripley, Derbyshire. Inventor of the “bouncing bomb” (d.1979)

Coal Mines Regulation Act prevents boys under 13 working below ground

De Beers Consolidated Mines established at Kimberley, South Africa

Jack the Ripper murders

Port Sunlight begun

Financial Times first
published

Edward Lear dies

1888
John Boyd Dunlop patents the pneumatic tyre

Electric chair first used in New York

George Eastman introduces the Kodak box camera

Jerome’s “Three Men in a Boat”

Federal laws introduced in the US to protect the buffalo

1889
Southend Pier built

Paris Exhibition – Eiffel
Tower completed

Igor Sikorsky – helicopter pioneer – born

Institution of Electrical Engineers founded

Vincent Van Gogh
commits suicide
Queen Victoria grants Crown Derby the right to add “Royal” to its nameJohn Merrick diesMassacre at Wounded Knee
1890
First moving pictures shown in New York

 

Forth Bridge opens

Oscar Wilde publishes “The Portrait of Dorian Gray” 1891
Zips invented
Conan Doyle’s “The Adventures of Sherlock
Holmes”
J R R Tolkien born (d. 1973)Walt Whitman diesThomas Cook (Travel agent) diesLiverpool University’s Victoria Building completed
1892
Bridgnorth Funicular Railway opens

John William Alcock born. (d.1919

Alcock and Brown were the first to fly non-stop across the Atlantic – 1919)

Beatrix Potter’s “Peter Rabbit”

Edvard Munch’s “The Scream”

 

Ford Madox Brown dies
New Zealand gives women the vote
Sheffield granted city staus
Wilfred Owen born in Oswestry, Shropshire (d. 1918)
1893

 

Henry Ford’s first automobile produced

1894
Tower Bridge, London completed

Blackpool Tower opens

Marconi’s first radio message

National Trust founded

H G Wells’s “The Time Machine”

1895
T.H Huxley dies

Rontgen discovers X rays

William Morris dies

Sir John Everett Millais dies

Dante Gabriel Rossetti dies

Daily Mail newspaper founded

Kew Gardens employs women gardeners for the first time

1896
Aberystwyth Cliff Railway
opens
Nobel Prizes first announced >> 1901
Tate Gallery opens in London
1897
Blackpool’s first illuminations

Discovery of the electron

Edward Burne-Jones dies
1898
Samuel Plimsoll dies

Pierre and Marie Curie discover radium

Liverpool University opens the world’s first School of Tropical Medicine

UK’s first speeding fine
imposed in Northampton

Noel Coward born (d. 1973) Ernest Hemingway born (d. 1961)
L Frank Baum’s “The Wonderful Wizard of Oz”
Bassett’s Liquorice
Allsorts “invented”
Start of Boer War
1899
Aspirin registered as a trade mark

Brighton Pier opens

Electric trams introduced in Sheffield

 

 

Timeline 1800-1849

Timeline index

stone wall with arches
Moira limekilns

 

William Cowper (poet and hymn writer) dies
1800
Alessandro Volta invents the first chemical battery

Fox Talbot born

William Herschel discovers infrared radiation

Union with Ireland – Union Flag adopted

First official British Census (population of England 8.3 million)

1801
Peace with France

Peel introduces first Factory Legislation

Sir Edwin Landseer born

Thomas Girtin (English painter) dies

Madame Tussaud  arrives in UK

1802
West  India Docks completed in London

Erasmus Darwin dies

 

John Dalton produces atomic theory and tables of atomic weights

Telford builds the road through the Highlands

Napoleonic War

Titus Salt born

Enclosure Act

Joseph Paxton born

1803
Caledonian Canal opens

Robert Stephenson born

George Romney (English painter) dies

Napoleon declared
Emperor of France

Royal Horticultural Society founded

1804 Joseph Priestley dies

The Great Comet

Closure of Moira Furnace

Battle of Trafalgar –
Death of Nelson 

Mary Seacole born

Hans Christian Andersen born

1805
Grand Junction Canal completed
George Stubbs (painter – well known for animal pictures) dies
1806
East India Docks completed in London

Trevithick’s railway completed at Coalbrookdale

I K Brunel born

Francis Beaufort devises the wind force scale

Lamb’s “Tales from Shakespeare”
1807
Royal Military Canal opens
Thomas Cook (Travel agent) born
1808
Captain Manby experiments with maritime rescue lines
Fitzgerald born

Preventative Water Guard formed (Early coastguard)

Haydn dies

1809
Matthew Boulton dies

Charles Darwin born

George III becomes
insane
1810
George (PoW) made Prince Regent

Throckmorton Coat made

George Gilbert Scott born

1811
Luddite disturbances in Notts and Yorks
Charles Dickens born

Edward Lear born 

Parthenon Marbles shipped to London

Napoleon marches on Moscow

Brighton Pavilion begun

Augustus Pugin born

 

1812

 

Foxton Locks open
Jane Austen’s “Pride and Prejudice”

Nash begins work on Regent Street

1813
Wooten Wawen aqueduct opens

Gun Barrel Proof House opens in Birmingham

  1814
Street lighting installed in St Margaret’s Parish, Westminster
Battle of Waterloo
1815
Tardebigge Locks open

Blisworth to Northampton branch canal opens

Waterloo Bridge, Betws-y-Coed built

Humphrey Davy invents the miners’ safety lamp

Jane Austen’s “Emma” 1816
“The Scotsman” newspaper founded

William Bligh dies

Henry David Thoreau born

 

1817
Mary Shelley’s  “Frankenstein”

US-Canada border established at 49th parallel

1818
Institution of Civil Engineers founded with Telford as president

Eugenius Birch born

Vulcan ship built

Cantlop Bridge plans drawn

Queen Victoria born

Albert (later Prince Albert) born

George Eliot born

John Ruskin born

Walt Whitman born

Peterloo Massacre

Theatre Royal, Bury St Edmunds opens

Picadilly Circus built in London

1819
James Watt dies

Canal system reaches Sheffield

George III dies

Accession George IV

Sir John Tenniel (Alice illustrator) born

Shelley’s “Prometheus Unbound”

1820
John Keats dies

Ford Madox Brown born

1821
Percy Bysshe Shelley dies

Antonio Canova (sculptor) dies

Royal Academy of Music founded

1822
Gregor Mendel born
Oxford Union Society founded

Rugby first played at the public school

Work begins on British Museum extension buildings (current structure)  >> 1847

Pimm’s invented

Brighton Pavilion completed

 

1823
Edmund Cartwright dies

Edward Jenner dies

Charles Babbage starts work on the first “computer”

Charles Macintosh invents
waterproof fabric

Byron dies

Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals founded in UK


First RNLI gold medal
for gallantry issued

1824
Samuel Plimsoll born
Trade Unions
legalised
1825
Stockton & Darlington railway completed

Thomas Henry (T.H.) Huxley born

Telford completes Menai Bridge

Joseph Arch born (d.1922)

1st Edition Burke’s Peerage published

1826
Longstone Lighthouse built

 

Holman Hun(painter) born

William Blake dies

Beethoven dies

Burke and Hare murders begin >> 1829

1827
Scarborough Spa Bridge opens

Joseph Lister (antiseptic pioneer) born

Ohm’s Law established

Dante Gabriel Rossetti born

Jules Verne born

Leo Tolstoy born

Henrik Ibsen born

1828
Zoological Society of London opens zoo in Regent’s Park
Catholic emancipation

Millais born

Metropolitan Police formed

Rotunda Museum opens in Scarborough

Barclay imports first Cavendish banana plant

William Burke hanged

Robert Abbot dies

1829
Stephenson’s”Rocket”

Galton Bridge opens over Telford’s canal at Smethwick

Humphry Davy dies

 

George IV dies

Accession William IV

Camille Pissarro (painter) born

1st cholera epidemic » 1832

1830
Faraday begins work on electricity

Darwin’s 1st voyage on Beagle

Isle of Lewis chess set found
1831
London Bridge opens

Sir James Clark Ross discovers position of magnetic North Pole

Henry Maudslay dies

Faraday demonstrates
electromagnetic induction

Edouard Manet (painter) born

End of 1st cholera
epidemic » 1848

1832
G F Muntz patents Muntz’s Metal
Factory Act limits
child labourSlavery abolished in British EmpireEdward Burne-Jones bornWilliam Wilberforce diesBirmingham Town Hall completedMold cape discovered
1833
Richard Trevithick dies
Coleridge dies

Dickens’s “Sketches by Boz”

Poor Law amendment introduces Union Workhouses

Tolpuddle Martyrs transported

William Morris born

Edgar Degas (painter) born

James McNeill Whistler (painter) born

1834
Telford dies

Chance’s Glassworks  established

Charles Babbage develops the analytic engine

Mark Twain born (Samuel Langhorne Clemens)

Hans Christian Andersen publishes his first children’s story

John Nash dies

1835
First civil marriages allowed in Britain

Sheffield’s botanical gardens open

1836
William IV dies

Accession of Queen Victoria

John Constable dies

Isabella Beeton born

 

1837
Brunel’sGreat Western launched
Public Record Office
establishedGrace and William Darling rescue survivors from the ForfarshireNational Gallery opens in London
1838
Robert Stephenson’s London & Birmingham Railway opens

First public demonstration of the electric telegraph by Samuel Morse

1st Opium War

Charles Barry and Augustus Pugin begin work on the new Houses of
Parliament in London

Pugin’s St Mary’s Church completed in Derby

NSPCC founder Rev Benjamin Waugh born

Paul Cezanne born

1839
Fox Talbot‘s first photographs

Derby gets a railway line

Sheffield gets a railway line

Penny post introduced by Sir Rowland Hill

Charles Dickens publishes The Old Curiosity Shop

New Zealand proclaimed a British colony

Beau Brummel dies penniless in France

Victoria marries Albert

1840
Saxophone invented

Kew Gardens opens

1841
The Rebecca Riots

Derby gets a new town hall

John Sell Cotman dies

George Bassett sets up his confectionery business in Sheffield >> 1899

1842
Wordsworth becomes Poet Laureate

Edvard Grieg (composer) born

United Free Church of Scotland formed

Charles Dickens’s A Christmas Carol
first published in December

Nelson’s Column erected in Trafalgar Square

1843
Brunel’sSS Great Britain launched

“The Great Comet”

Chatsworth’s Emperor Fountain

constructed

YMCA founded

8th Marquess Queensbury (boxingrules) born

Work begins on KewPalm House>> 1848

1844
Samuel
Morse sends first telegraphJohn Dalton dies 
Irish Famine »
1846
Dr Thomas John Barnardo bornEdgar Allen Poe’s “The Raven”
1845
First submarine cable under the English Channe

lNorthampton gets its first railway line

Irish Famine »
1848
1846
Planet
Neptune discovered
Dickens’s “Dombey & Son”

Charlotte Bronte’s “Jane Eyre”

Wm Thackeray’s “Vanity Fair”

Marx & Engels’s “Communist Manifesto”

British Museum completed

Joseph Pulitzer (journalist and publisher) born

1847
Institution of Mechanical
Engineers founded with George Stephenson as presidentDee Bridge disasterThomas Edison bornAlexander Graham Bell born

Chloroform first used as an
anaesthetic

Pre-Raphaelites formed

Paul Gaugin born

2nd cholera epidemic

Irish Famine

Hymn “All Things Bright and Beautiful” written in Dunster, Somerset

Kew’s Palm House completed

Matthew Webb born

 

1848
Robert Stephenson’s Conway Bridge opens
Abolition
of the Corn Laws

Beau Brummel dies

William Etty dies

Joseph Fry makes the first chocolate bar

Dickens’s “David Copperfield”

1849

Timeline 1750-1799

Timeline index

Gray’s “Elegy”

“Capability” Brown lays out
Warwick Castle Grounds

Two earthquakes hit London

1750

Thomas Sheraton (furniture designer) born

Hogarth’s “Gin Lane”  produced

1751

John Nash born
1752
Gregorian calendar adopted

Lizard Lighthouse built

Benjamin Franklin flies his
kite

British Museum founded

 

1753

Chippendale’s”The  Gentleman & Cabinet-maker’s Director”

Capt William Bligh born

1754

Samuel Johnson’s dictionary published 1755
Dyfi Furnace constructed
Start of Seven Years War

Black Hole of Calcutta

1756

William Blake born

Antonio Canova (sculptor) born

Robert Abbot born

1757
Thomas Telford born
Horatio Nelson born
1758

 

Halley’s Comet appears

Jedediah Strutt patents ribbing machine for hosiery  manufacture

Robert Burns born

William Wilberforce (social reformer) born

Robert Adam completes Harewood House

British Museum moves to London

Battle of Quebec

1759
Harrison’s third chronometer

 

Accession George III

Kew Gardens opens

 

1760
Harrison’s fourth chronometer
(the watch)
Start of the Northumbrian
lime industry
Sterne’s “Tristram Shandy”

Osterley Park begun

1761
Bridgewater Canal opens

River Nene made navigable from King’s Lynn to Northampton

Chinese pagoda built on the Kew estate

The birth of the sandwich

1762
Matthew Boulton founds the
Soho Manufactory
End of the Seven Years War 1763

William Hogarth dies
1764
Hargreaves invents the Spinning Jenny

1765
Watt devises the separate
condenser
Wright’s “The Orrery”

Christie’s auctioneers founded.

1766
John Dalton born
Bath’s Royal Crescent begun 1767

Capt. Cook’s Voyage to the South Seas » 1771

Royal Academy founded

Wright’s “The Air Pump”

Laurence Sterne dies

1768


1769
Watt’s 1st patent

Venetian blinds patented in London

Arkwright’s waterframe
patented

1st stretch of James Brindley’s Birmingham Canal opens

Wedgwood opens Etruria

William Wordsworth born

Beethoven born

Cook discovers Botany Bay

1770

Capt. Cook returns from South Seas

Oliver Goldsmith’s “She Stoops to Conquer”

Thomas Gray dies

1771
Richard Trevithick born

Henry Maudslay born

Arkwright’s Cromford Mill opens

Samuel Taylor Coleridge  born

Cook’s second voyage starts »
1775

1772
James Brindley dies
Boston Tea Party

Cook reaches Antarctic

 

1773
Birmingham Assay Office opens

George III grants Derby the
right to put a crown on its pottery >> 1890


1774
Priestley isolates Oxygen

Bingley Five Rise opens

Practical diving suit first demonstrated in the River Thames by Andrew
Becker

Bath’s Royal Crescent finished

JMW Turner born

Thomas Girtin (English artist) born

American War of Independence begins > 1783

Richard Brinsley Sheridan’s “The Rivals”

Cook’s second voyage ends »
1776

1775
Official adoption of the name “Lunar Society”
American Declaration of Independence – July 4

John Constable born

Gibbons “Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire”

Adam Smith’s “Wealth of Nations”

Richard Brinsley Sheridan’s “The School for Scandal”

Cook’s third voyage starts »
1779

1776

Thomas Linley’s “The Beggar’s Opera” 1777

Thomas Arne dies (Rule Britannia)

Beau Brummel born

1778
Humphry Davy born

 

Cook killed in Hawaii
1779
Iron Bridge made at Coalbrookdale

Crompton’s Spinning Mule

Osterley Park completed

1st Epsom Derby

 

1780
Watt patents copying press
American victory at Yorktown
1781
Watt patents rotary adaptor

William Herschel discovers uranus

Horseley Ironworks established

Fuseli’s “The Nightmare”

John Sell Cotman born

Richard Wilson (Welsh painter) dies

1782
Luigi Galvani discovers
“animal electricty”
American  colonies  recognised – end of American Revolution

“Capability” Brown dies

William West born

 

1783
Montgolfier Brothers launch hot air balloon
Samuel Johnson dies

East India Act

1784

1st edition of the Daily Universal Register » 1788

John James Audubon born

1785
Cartwright patents the power
loom
Mozart’s “Marriage of Figaro” 1786

William Etty born 1787

Byron born

Thomas Gainsborough dies

Regency Crisis

Daily Universal Register becomes The Times

First British convicts arrive in Port Jackson (Sydney, Australia)

1788
Gilbert White’s
“Natural History of
Selborne”
Thomas Boulsover dies
French Revolution

Washington elected US President

Blake’s “Songs of Innocence”

Mutiny on the Bounty

1789
Cartwright produces the wool combing machine
Culzean Castle
completed
1790
Benjamin Franklin dies

 

Paine’s “Rights of
Man”

“The Observer” newspaper established
1791
Ordnance Survey established

Michael Faraday born

Charles Babbage born

Heage Windmill built

Percy Bysshe Shelley born

Robert Adam dies

Joshua Reynolds dies

Louvre opens as a public museum in Paris

Mary Wollestonecraft’s “Rights of Women”

1792
Richard Arkwright dies
War with France
Louis XVI executed
1793


1794
John Smeaton dies

 

John Keats (poet) born

Admiralty issues daily lemon juice ration to the RN to eliminate scurvy

Thomas Carlyle born. (Scottish essayist  and historian)

Ickworth House built

1795
Josiah Wedgwood dies

Nicholas Conte
invents the “lead” pencil

Robert Burns dies
1796
Jenner’s cowpox  vaccination tested and smallpox vaccination discovered

Soho Foundry opens

Lune Aqueduct completed

Grand Junction Canal open as far as Blisworth

Joseph Wright of Derby dies

First £1 banknotes issued

1797

Malthus “Essay on  Population”

Napoleon invades Egypt

1798
Beadnell harbour limekiln built
Napoleon appointed First Consul in France

Rosetta Stone found by
Napoleon’s troops


Stourbridge Bonded Warehouse begun

Eugene Delacroix (artist) born

Greene, King Brewery founded

Income Tax introduced in Britain

1799
William Withering dies

Timeline Pre 1750

Timeline index

1653 River Wey opens to barge traffic
Samuel Johnson Born 1709 Abraham Darby converts 1st furnace
Laurence Sterne born 1713
Lancelot “Capability” Brown born 1715
Joshua Reynolds born 1723
Robert Adam born 1728 Matthew Boulton born
Josiah Wedgwood born 1730
William Cowper (poet and hymn writer) born 1731 Erasmus Darwin born
Joseph Haydn born 1732 Richard Arkwright born
1733 Joseph Priestley born
Joseph Wright of Derby born 1734
Rob Roy dies 1735
Witchcraft no longer a crime 1736 James Watt born
Construction of Radcliffe Camera begun in Oxford 1737 Harrison’s first chronometer
John Wesley’s conversion 1738
Rule Britannia composed (Arne) 1740
1741 Harrison’s second chronometer

William Withering born

First performance Handel’s “Messiah” 1742
Stourhead gardens begun 1743 Edmund Cartwright born
War with France

1st recorded cricket match

1744
Jonathan Swift dies

Hogarth’s “Marriage a la
Mode”

Jacobite Rebellion

1745
Battle of Culloden 1746
Glasse’s “Art of Cookery Made Plain and Easy” 1747 First clock maker opens in Coventry
1748 Excavations begun at Pompeii
Fielding’s “Tom Jones” 1749