Timeline 1800-1849

Timeline index

stone wall with arches
Moira limekilns

 

William Cowper (poet and hymn writer) dies
1800
Alessandro Volta invents the first chemical battery

Fox Talbot born

William Herschel discovers infrared radiation

Union with Ireland – Union Flag adopted

First official British Census (population of England 8.3 million)

1801
Peace with France

Peel introduces first Factory Legislation

Sir Edwin Landseer born

Thomas Girtin (English painter) dies

Madame Tussaud  arrives in UK

1802
West  India Docks completed in London

Erasmus Darwin dies

 

John Dalton produces atomic theory and tables of atomic weights

Telford builds the road through the Highlands

Napoleonic War

Titus Salt born

Enclosure Act

Joseph Paxton born

1803
Caledonian Canal opens

Robert Stephenson born

George Romney (English painter) dies

Napoleon declared
Emperor of France

Royal Horticultural Society founded

1804 Joseph Priestley dies

The Great Comet

Closure of Moira Furnace

Battle of Trafalgar –
Death of Nelson 

Mary Seacole born

Hans Christian Andersen born

1805
Grand Junction Canal completed
George Stubbs (painter – well known for animal pictures) dies
1806
East India Docks completed in London

Trevithick’s railway completed at Coalbrookdale

I K Brunel born

Francis Beaufort devises the wind force scale

Lamb’s “Tales from Shakespeare”
1807
Royal Military Canal opens
Thomas Cook (Travel agent) born
1808
Captain Manby experiments with maritime rescue lines
Fitzgerald born

Preventative Water Guard formed (Early coastguard)

Haydn dies

1809
Matthew Boulton dies

Charles Darwin born

George III becomes
insane
1810
George (PoW) made Prince Regent

Throckmorton Coat made

George Gilbert Scott born

1811
Luddite disturbances in Notts and Yorks
Charles Dickens born

Edward Lear born 

Parthenon Marbles shipped to London

Napoleon marches on Moscow

Brighton Pavilion begun

Augustus Pugin born

 

1812

 

Foxton Locks open
Jane Austen’s “Pride and Prejudice”

Nash begins work on Regent Street

1813
Wooten Wawen aqueduct opens

Gun Barrel Proof House opens in Birmingham

  1814
Street lighting installed in St Margaret’s Parish, Westminster
Battle of Waterloo
1815
Tardebigge Locks open

Blisworth to Northampton branch canal opens

Waterloo Bridge, Betws-y-Coed built

Humphrey Davy invents the miners’ safety lamp

Jane Austen’s “Emma” 1816
“The Scotsman” newspaper founded

William Bligh dies

Henry David Thoreau born

 

1817
Mary Shelley’s  “Frankenstein”

US-Canada border established at 49th parallel

1818
Institution of Civil Engineers founded with Telford as president

Eugenius Birch born

Vulcan ship built

Cantlop Bridge plans drawn

Queen Victoria born

Albert (later Prince Albert) born

George Eliot born

John Ruskin born

Walt Whitman born

Peterloo Massacre

Theatre Royal, Bury St Edmunds opens

Picadilly Circus built in London

1819
James Watt dies

Canal system reaches Sheffield

George III dies

Accession George IV

Sir John Tenniel (Alice illustrator) born

Shelley’s “Prometheus Unbound”

1820
John Keats dies

Ford Madox Brown born

1821
Percy Bysshe Shelley dies

Antonio Canova (sculptor) dies

Royal Academy of Music founded

1822
Gregor Mendel born
Oxford Union Society founded

Rugby first played at the public school

Work begins on British Museum extension buildings (current structure)  >> 1847

Pimm’s invented

Brighton Pavilion completed

 

1823
Edmund Cartwright dies

Edward Jenner dies

Charles Babbage starts work on the first “computer”

Charles Macintosh invents
waterproof fabric

Byron dies

Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals founded in UK


First RNLI gold medal
for gallantry issued

1824
Samuel Plimsoll born
Trade Unions
legalised
1825
Stockton & Darlington railway completed

Thomas Henry (T.H.) Huxley born

Telford completes Menai Bridge

Joseph Arch born (d.1922)

1st Edition Burke’s Peerage published

1826
Longstone Lighthouse built

 

Holman Hun(painter) born

William Blake dies

Beethoven dies

Burke and Hare murders begin >> 1829

1827
Scarborough Spa Bridge opens

Joseph Lister (antiseptic pioneer) born

Ohm’s Law established

Dante Gabriel Rossetti born

Jules Verne born

Leo Tolstoy born

Henrik Ibsen born

1828
Zoological Society of London opens zoo in Regent’s Park
Catholic emancipation

Millais born

Metropolitan Police formed

Rotunda Museum opens in Scarborough

Barclay imports first Cavendish banana plant

William Burke hanged

Robert Abbot dies

1829
Stephenson’s”Rocket”

Galton Bridge opens over Telford’s canal at Smethwick

Humphry Davy dies

 

George IV dies

Accession William IV

Camille Pissarro (painter) born

1st cholera epidemic » 1832

1830
Faraday begins work on electricity

Darwin’s 1st voyage on Beagle

Isle of Lewis chess set found
1831
London Bridge opens

Sir James Clark Ross discovers position of magnetic North Pole

Henry Maudslay dies

Faraday demonstrates
electromagnetic induction

Edouard Manet (painter) born

End of 1st cholera
epidemic » 1848

1832
G F Muntz patents Muntz’s Metal
Factory Act limits
child labourSlavery abolished in British EmpireEdward Burne-Jones bornWilliam Wilberforce diesBirmingham Town Hall completedMold cape discovered
1833
Richard Trevithick dies
Coleridge dies

Dickens’s “Sketches by Boz”

Poor Law amendment introduces Union Workhouses

Tolpuddle Martyrs transported

William Morris born

Edgar Degas (painter) born

James McNeill Whistler (painter) born

1834
Telford dies

Chance’s Glassworks  established

Charles Babbage develops the analytic engine

Mark Twain born (Samuel Langhorne Clemens)

Hans Christian Andersen publishes his first children’s story

John Nash dies

1835
First civil marriages allowed in Britain

Sheffield’s botanical gardens open

1836
William IV dies

Accession of Queen Victoria

John Constable dies

Isabella Beeton born

 

1837
Brunel’sGreat Western launched
Public Record Office
establishedGrace and William Darling rescue survivors from the ForfarshireNational Gallery opens in London
1838
Robert Stephenson’s London & Birmingham Railway opens

First public demonstration of the electric telegraph by Samuel Morse

1st Opium War

Charles Barry and Augustus Pugin begin work on the new Houses of
Parliament in London

Pugin’s St Mary’s Church completed in Derby

NSPCC founder Rev Benjamin Waugh born

Paul Cezanne born

1839
Fox Talbot‘s first photographs

Derby gets a railway line

Sheffield gets a railway line

Penny post introduced by Sir Rowland Hill

Charles Dickens publishes The Old Curiosity Shop

New Zealand proclaimed a British colony

Beau Brummel dies penniless in France

Victoria marries Albert

1840
Saxophone invented

Kew Gardens opens

1841
The Rebecca Riots

Derby gets a new town hall

John Sell Cotman dies

George Bassett sets up his confectionery business in Sheffield >> 1899

1842
Wordsworth becomes Poet Laureate

Edvard Grieg (composer) born

United Free Church of Scotland formed

Charles Dickens’s A Christmas Carol
first published in December

Nelson’s Column erected in Trafalgar Square

1843
Brunel’sSS Great Britain launched

“The Great Comet”

Chatsworth’s Emperor Fountain

constructed

YMCA founded

8th Marquess Queensbury (boxingrules) born

Work begins on KewPalm House>> 1848

1844
Samuel
Morse sends first telegraphJohn Dalton dies 
Irish Famine »
1846
Dr Thomas John Barnardo bornEdgar Allen Poe’s “The Raven”
1845
First submarine cable under the English Channe

lNorthampton gets its first railway line

Irish Famine »
1848
1846
Planet
Neptune discovered
Dickens’s “Dombey & Son”

Charlotte Bronte’s “Jane Eyre”

Wm Thackeray’s “Vanity Fair”

Marx & Engels’s “Communist Manifesto”

British Museum completed

Joseph Pulitzer (journalist and publisher) born

1847
Institution of Mechanical
Engineers founded with George Stephenson as presidentDee Bridge disasterThomas Edison bornAlexander Graham Bell born

Chloroform first used as an
anaesthetic

Pre-Raphaelites formed

Paul Gaugin born

2nd cholera epidemic

Irish Famine

Hymn “All Things Bright and Beautiful” written in Dunster, Somerset

Kew’s Palm House completed

Matthew Webb born

 

1848
Robert Stephenson’s Conway Bridge opens
Abolition
of the Corn Laws

Beau Brummel dies

William Etty dies

Joseph Fry makes the first chocolate bar

Dickens’s “David Copperfield”

1849